Tuesday, 20 September 2011

Narrative Structure and Theory

Narrative is defined as "a chain of events in a cause-effect relationship in time" (Bordwell & Thompson, Film Act, 1980) 

Conventional Narratives are structured in five stages according to Todorov:

  1. A state of equilibrium at the outset. This the point where the film is in its normal state, and problems have not been presented. 
  2. A distribution of the equilibrium by some action. The problem within the film is presented.
  3. Recognition that there has been a disruption. The characters recognise the problem.
  4. An attempt to repair the disruption. The characters begin to resolve their problems. 
  5. A reinstatement of the equilibrium. The atmosphere returns to normal.
An extremely similar structure can be found within film trailers, and they usually appear in the same order. However, in a film trailer stage 5, where there is a reinstatement of the equilibrium is left out, this leaves the audience wanting to see what happens at the ending of the film, and how the characters resolve their problems.  

No comments:

Post a Comment